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"Double Rolling Hands" (Shuang Gun Shou) movements from Shaolin's Taizu Long-range Boxing (Taizu Chang Quan) (performer: Diao Huiyin):

For comparison - "Wave Hands" (Yun Shou) movement from Chen style Old Frame Taijiquan routine (performer: Chen Zhenglei):

2.Close-range Boxing - the second cathegory shows relationship with close-range boxing (Duan Da) mentioned by Tang Shunzhi[6]; they include: "Close-range Boxing" (Duan Da), "Knocking-down Hands" (Liao Shou), "Pulling Hands" (LĘ╣ Shou), "Thirty Six Tumbling Techniques" (San Shi Liu Gun Die), "Buddha Warrior's Attendant Eighteen Seizing Methods" (Jingang Shi Ba Na Fa; other three manuals also contain some seizing techniques), etc.


Weapons listed in Chen clan writings are: spear, staff, single broadsword, double broadswords, halberd (e.g. Spring and Autumn Broadsword), double straight swords, double maces, sickle, etc.

SPEAR: Chen clan texts mention the following spear registers: "Four Spears" (Si Qiang), "Eight Spears" (Ba Qiang), "Thirteen Spears" (Shi San Qiang), "Twenty Four Spears" (Er Shi Si Qiang). "Four Spears" and "Eight Spears" have also matched exercises (Dui Zha Fa); "Twenty Four Spears" contain rhymed formulas (Ge Jue) and practice methods; there is Zhang Yide's[7] name affixed to "Four Spears". "Twenty Four Spears" are identical with those described in Qi Jiguang's "New Book of Effective Techniques" (Ji Xiao Xin Shu). A last sentence in "Rhymed Formulas of Twenty Four Spears" says: "If you ask what is the name of this spear, the answer is Twenty Four Flowery Spears of Yang Family".

STICK: Chen Ziming's Collection contains two staff manuals (Gun Pu): "Panluo's Stick" (Panluo Bang) and "Wind Spinning Stick" (Xuanfeng Gun). "Sanxing Version" contains only "Wind Spinning Stick". The rhymed formula of Panluo's Stick says: "Shaolin Temple, ancient Buddhist monastery in Dengchu, there are five thousand monks in its halls; when a Red Army (e.g. Red Turbans rebels) of million (soldiers) wanted to destroy it, Beiluo showed its magic powers. If you want to know where this stick comes from, it was left by Panluo in Shaoling". Tang Hao explains that "Dengchu" is actually "Dengfeng", e.g. county where Shaolin Temple is situated; "Shaoling" is "Shaolin"; Panluo and Beiluo are names of boddhisatvas. Although from the text it seems that Chen clan practised Shaolin stick techniques, however Tang Hao found out that only four postures from "Panluo's Stick" and one from "Wind Spinning Stick" were identical with those from Shaolin, while other were different.

BROADSWORD: Chen Ziming's Collection contains only one double broadsword manual. "Sanxing Version" contains ten matched routines of double broadswords.

STRAIGHT SWORD: Chen Ziming's Collection contains only one double straight swords manual.

Apart from the above contents, the manuals also contain: "General Song of Boxing Classic" (Quan Jing Zong Ge) and "Song of Pressing Hands" (Ji Shou Ge; in "Liangyi Version" it is composed of four sentences, while Chen Ziming's version has six sentences copied from other versions).


(?-1951), seventeenth generation descendant of Chen clan, famous Taijiquan master, student of Chen Xin; in the 1920s and 30s Chen Ziming established several martials arts organizations in Huaiqing and other places in Henan Province, where he taught Taijiquan to many students.

Later, through Jiang Zicheng's recommendation (Jiang's father was a governor of Huaiqing before 1911), Chen Ziming went to Shanghai to teach martial arts. Apart from teaching, Chen Ziming wrote famous "Chen Family Taijiquan Method Passed Through Generations" (Chen Shi Shichuan Taijiquan Shu) and compiled old hand-written Chen clan manuscripts into "Boxing and Weapon Collection of Chen Family Passed Through Generations" (Chen Shi Shichuan Quan Xie Huibian).The latter one was mimeographed in several copies which Chen Ziming gave to his friends, Xu Zhen being one of them.

Chen Ziming (?-1951)


(1898-1967), also known as Xu Zhedong, native of Changzhou in Jiangsu Province, one of inheritors of Wu (Yuxiang) Style Taijiquan. Famous martial artist and writer, hold professor of Chinese Literature position at five universities, incl. Central University and Wuhan University. Prinicipal of Changzhou High School. Practised martial arts since the age of 14; learnt many martial arts, including Cha Quan, Elastic Kicks (Tan Tui), Taijiquan, Xingyiquan, Baguazhang, Tongbeiquan and Natural Style (Zi Ran Men) from Yu Zhensheng, Ma Jinbiao, Zhou Xiufeng, Yang Shaohou, Hao Yueru, Li Yaxuan, Du Xinwu, Tian Zuosen and others. Received true transmission of Wu (Yuxiang) style Taijiquan from Hao Yueru. In 1920-1937 established Zhengde Martial Arts Society in Changzhou. After liberation, in 1950 was a member of editorial committee for Shanghai Wushu Friendship Society; from 1950 till 1960s acted as judge in all-China martial arts competitions. Xu Zhen conducted thorough research on the history and theory of martial arts and published many books on Taijiquan, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, Shaolin Boxing and Chang Family Boxing;



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